From 'Time' 2000,'AGRAM' architectural information,Modern Architecture & Interior Design World Tour Dictionary'Park Jinbae' Design Group, Korea 1993,




Auther U.Gerber/1878-1960

 Chicago transit architect. Currently has six buildings on the National Register of Historic Places.


Bernard Tschumi/1944-

 Born in Switzerland. Tschumi studied until 1969 at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule in Zurich. From 1970 to 1979 he taught at the Architectural Association in London, and from 1976 also at the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York and at Princeton University. From 1980 to 1983 he was visiting professor at the Cooper Union School of Architecture in New York. In 1975 he organized the exhibition.


Cesar Pelli/1926-

 Born in Tucuman, Argentina 12 October 1926. Married, 1950, immigrated to the United States in 1952, naturalized 1964. Associate architect, Eero Saarinen and Associates, 1954 to 1964. Design partner, Gruen Associates, Los Angeles, 1968-1976. Founded Cesar Pelli and Associates in 1977. Dean of the School of Architecture, Yale University, New Haven Connecticut, 1977 to 1984.


Daniel Libeskind/1946-


 Born in May 12, 1946 in Lodz, Poland, an American architect of Jewish-Polish descent, who has designed many prominent and celebrated buildings. They include the Jewish Museum in Berlin, Germany, the Denver Art Museum in the United States, the Imperial War Museum North in Manchester, United Kingdom, the Michael Lee-Chin Crystal at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, Canada, the Felix Nussbaum House in Osnabrück, Germany, the Jewish Museum in Copenhagen, Denmark, the Wohl Centre at the Bar-Ilan University in Tel Aviv, Israel, as well as many more commercial and residential projects around the world. In 2003, Libeskind won the competition for the masterplan to rebuild the World Trade Center site in Lower Manhattan.


Eero Saarinen/1910-1961

Eero Saarinen was the son of the celebrated Finnish architect and first President of the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Eliel Saarinen. Born in Helsinki, he emigrated with his family to the United States in 1923. Initially studied sculpture at the Académie de la Grande Chaumiére in Paris (1929/30) and later architecture at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, graduating in 1934. He received a scholarship there which enabled him to travel to Europe (1934/35). On his return, he taught at the Cranbrook Academy of Art. In 1937, he began a collaboration with Charles Eames which culminated in a series of highly progressive and prize-winning furniture designs for The Museum of Modern Art´s 1940 "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" competition. He later produced several highly successful furniture designs for Knoll International. He worked in his father´s architectural office until Eliel´s death in 1950. His greatest architectural project was the remarkable TWA terminal at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York.


Frank O.Gehry/1929-

 Born in Toronto,Canada. Experience music project, Seattle-To help him find his way to the perfect forms for Paul Allen's rock musem, Gehry, seen here superimposed before the final product, began by smashing some guitars-just the way most demonstrative rockers used to do-and playing around with the broken pieces. Gehry has become a naturalized U.S. citizen. In 1954, he graduated from USC and began work full time with Victor Gruen Associates, where he had been apprenticing part-time while still in school. After a year in the army, he was admitted to Harvard Graduate School of Design to study urban planning. When he returned to Los Angeles, he briefly worked for Pereira and Luckman, then rejoined Gruen where he stayed until 1960. 


Frank Lloyd Wright/1867-1959

 F.L.Wright is known as one of the great architects of all time. In seventy years of practice he built about 430 structures. Long time American architects followed the Europeans but with Wright they managed to draw attention. Although he was locally famous before his forties with shingle style prairie houses, later his genius became widely recognized. Most of his oeuvre consist of private houses. He started his career as a draftsman in the Silsbee office but soon left for Sullivan where he stayed for six years. In the mean time he married Catharine Tobin and built a home in Oak park, his mother and sisters joined them in Chicago.
 In the office hours he worked for Sullivan in de evenings and nights for himself. Sullivan found out and felt betrayed so Wright had to leave and find his own commissions in the economic hard time of the end of the 19th century. In the first years of independence he tried to "break the box" of rigid architecture and manifested the Prairie school architecture. During this time he built his best houses like Robie and Willits house. Then he left for Europe to prepare a major publication of his work. He was accompanied on his trip by Mrs.Cheney which meant a scandal in these days. After returning and several serious problems he soon left for California. Here he developed a new style in fact he became 'avant la lettre' a Post modern architect. He ended his days in eclecticism.


Gordon Bunshaft/1909-1990

 Gordon Bunshaft, has been credited with opening a whole new era of skyscraper design with his first major design project in 1952, the 24-story Lever House in New York. Many consider it the keystone of establishing the International Style as corporate America's standard in architecture, at least through the 1970's. In recent years, it has been declared a historic landmark, New York's most contemporary structure to hold that distinction. 


Ioh Ming Pei/1917-

 Ieoh Ming Pei is a founding partner of I. M. Pei & Partners, since evolved to Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, based in New York City. He was born in China in 1917. He come to the United States in 1935 to study architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B. Arch. 1940) and the Harvard Graduate School of Design (M. Arch. 1946). In 1948, he accepted the newly created post of Director of Architecture at Webb & Knapp, Inc., the real estate development firm, and this association resulted in major architectural and planning projects in Chicago, Philadelphia, Washington, Pittsburgh and other cities. In 1958, he formed the partnership of I.M.Pei & Associates, which become I.M. Pei & Partners in 1966.


Kevin Roche/1882-1981

Kevin Roche, the 1982 recipient of the international Pritzker Architecture Prize, is no stranger to awards and praise. With good reason, since the body of work accomplished by him, and with his partner of 20 years, John Dinkeloo, who died in 1981, is truly of epic proportion. 


Louis Isidore Kahn/1901-1974

 Louis Kahn was born in Saarama Osel, Estonia in 1901. His family emigrated to the U.S. in 1905. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a thorough grounding the the Beaux Art school of architecture. During the 1920s and 1930s he worked as a draughtsman and, later, as a head designer for several Philadelphia-based firms.


Mies van der Rohe/1886-1969

 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was born in Germany. Moved to America on 1938. Main street of Berlin-Fredrich Street.


Peter Eisenmen/1932-

Born in Nework. Members of TAC.


Philip Johnson/1906-

 Philip Johnson was born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1906, and in the years since has become one of architecture's most potent forces. Before designing his first building at the age of 36, Johnson had been client, critic, author, historian, museum director, but not an architect. Since 1989, Johnson, semi-retired, has devoted his time mainly to projects of his own, but still is a consultant to John Burgee Architects. His most recent design is for a new School of Fine Arts for Seton Hill College in Greensburg, Pennsylvania. 


Richard Meier/1934-

Richar Meier was born in Nework, New Jersey. At 49, Richard Meier was the youngest architect to receive his profession's highest accolade, the Pritzker Architecture Prize. Shortly after receiving that honor, he was awarded what is probably this century's most important commission, the design of The Getty Center, an art center funded by the J. Paul Getty Trust. 


Robert Venturi/1925-

 Born in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Venturi graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1947 and received his M.F.A. there in 1950. He furthered his studies as a Rome Prize Fellow at the American Academy in Rome from 1954 to 1956. Shortly after his return to this country, he taught an architectural theory course at the University of Pennsylvania, School of Architecture. In the past three decades since, he has lectured at numerous other institutions including Yale, Princeton, Harvard, UCLA, Rice and the American Academy in Rome. Photo by Byunggu Yu.


Stanley Tigerman/1930-

 Stanley Tigerman was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1930. He studied at M.I.T., the Chicago Institute of Design, and Yale University. After serving several years in the Navy, he assumed the role of draftsman and designer in a series of offices. Since 1964 he has been the Principal of Stanley Tigerman and Associates Ltd., in Chicago. He has also taught at several Universities in the United States.


Walter Gropius/1883-1969

Walter Gropius was born in Germany.


Luise Baraggan/1902-1988

 Luis Barragan, 1902-1988, was born in Guadalajara, Mexico. His training and schooling was in engineering, but he taught himself architectural skills. In the 1920's, he traveled extensively in France and Spain, and later in 1931, lived in Paris for a time, attending Le Corbusier's lectures. His travels since then extended to Morocco in 1951. His architectural practice was in Guadalajara from 1927 until 1936 when he moved to Mexico City and remained until his death. His travels stimulated an interest in the native architecture of North Africa and the Mediterranean, which he related to construction in his own country. 


Oscar Niemeyer/1907-

 Born in the hillside district of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and has lived and worked in that area ever since, with occasional forays to France and Italy.