ASIA-CAMBODIA/Siem Reap-Angkor Ruins

WORLD FAMOUS BUILDINGS

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From 'Explore worldwide'1999',The world atlas of Architecture' John Julius Norwich/Portland House,1988,

 

Angkor Wat
    Siem Reap




 World most biggest temple, built in 790-1432 on Kemer dynasty. Describing a rectangle of 187 by 215meters the temple rises in three steps. Each one is punctuated by corner towers and stairways rising to axial pavilions, with encircling galleries linking them/1113-1150.
Renowned Hindu temple complex at Angkor, the region that served from 802 until 1295 as the capital of the Khmer Empire of Cambodia, now a destination for Buddhist pilgrims. Built for King Suryavarman II in the 12th century. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Information Center
  
 Angkor Wat

 


 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Enterance
  
 Angkor Wat

 


 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Moat
  
 Angkor Wat

 


 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Sunset
  
 Angkor Wat

 

 Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Causeway
  
 Angkor Wat



 Angkor Wat was intermittently inhabited by Buddhist monks, and about 1550 portions of its bas-reliefs were finally completed. It subsequently became a destination for Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.
  

 

Libraries
  
 Angkor Wat

 


 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Complex
  
 Angkor Wat




 The complex, built of both sandstone and laterite, forms a rectangle of about 850 m by 1km. It was constructed to serve both as a sepulchre for Suryavarman II, whose regime had adopted some aspects of Hinduism, and as a celebration of his status as an incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Pond
  
 Angkor Wat



 As seen across a pond, sometimes dry with grass growing.As a sepulchre the temple was built facing west, rather than facing east, which was traditional for Hindu temples. Taking more than 30 years to build, the layout of the complex was conceived as an architectural allegory of the Hindu cosmology. At the center of the complex stands a temple with five lotus-shaped towers, a larger central tower, and four smaller surrounding towers. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.  

 

Details
  
 Angkor Wat

 

 These represent the five peaks of Mount Meru according to Hindu belief, the mountain where the gods reside and from which all creation comes. The central tower enclosure is surrounded by three square, terraced enclosures that rise toward the central towers. Photo by Jaehyung Yu on 2003 & Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Doorway
  
 Angkor Wat

 


 Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Hallway
  
 Angkor Wat



 Angkor Wat is famous for having the longest running bas-relief in the world. Beautifully crafted, many of the carvings were once painted and gilded. They decorate the 2m high, galleried walls having roofed walkways that run along the inside of the protective moat, just outside of the temple complex itself. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004. 
 

 

Reliefs
  
 Angkor Wat



 The reliefs depict historical episodes in the life of King Suryavarman II; scenes from the Hindu epics the Ramayana and the Mahabharata; the exploits of the Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu with celestial nymphs known as apsarases; and scenes from the daily life of the Khmer people at the time the complex was built. Some of Angkor Wat's bas-reliefs suffered damage at the height of Cambodia's Khmer Rouge movement in the 1960s & 1970s. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Restoration
  
 Angkor Wat



 Restoration work by Indian technicians, Controversial because of some of the cleaning methods used. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Night View
  
 Angkor Wat



 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 14 January 2009.

 

Natural Root
  
 Ta Prohm



 Photo by Changyong Shin on December 2004.

 

West Gopura
  
 Ta Prohm




 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Hall of Dancers
  
 Ta Prohm




 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

House of Fire
  
 Ta Prohm



 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

East Gopura
  
 Ta Prohm




 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

South Gate
   Angkor Thom

 


 Angkor Thum was built by earlier Khmer kings, but its layout was modeled on Angkor Wat, a Hindu temple complex south of Angkor Thum. Angkor Wat was finished about thirty years earlier under Khmer king Suryavarman II, who was overthrown by the Cham army. Jayavarman was a recent convert to Mahayana Buddhism, and is thought to have abandoned Hinduism as a result of the defeat of the Hindu Suryavaram II by the Chams. Photo by Jaehyeong Yu on 2003.

 

Bayon Temple
  
 Ankor Thom, Siem Reap




 Royal city and Buddhist temple complex at Angkor, the region that served from 802 until 1295 as the capital of the Khmer Empire of Cambodia. Khmer king Jayavarman VII, who reigned in the late 12th and early 13th centuries, began building the vast monument at Angkor Thum after he had regained control of the Angkor region from the Cham army of northern Cambodia, which had seized it around 1177. Photo by Changyong Shin(31,2/2004), Jaehyeong Yu (#3,4/2003).

 

Bayon Bas-Reliefs
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom



 Man on elephant, animal suckling and crocodile biting man's leg. The exterior of the outer walls included bas-reliefs depicting historical events, and the bas-reliefs on the exterior of the inner walls depicted legendary scenes. After the death of King Jayavarman VII, the Bayon was in fact converted into a Hindu temple by Brahman priests. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Carved Face
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom



 The structures of Angkor Thum were built of sandstone, porous, iron-bearing soil that can be quarried like stone and wood. The entire complex was surrounded by a 100 m wide moat that was used both for defense and as part of the irrigation system, which included large artificial lakes, or barays, outside of the temple complex to the east and the west. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Details
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom

 

 Numerous causeways led over the moat to the complex. The 8 m high exterior walls of the complex formed a perfect square, two sides running east to west and two sides running north to south. In the center of each wall was an elaborate gateway and road into the complex, each leading to the gateways in the center of the exterior walls of the Bayon. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Carving
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom



 Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Stairway
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom



 
Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Doorway
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom



 
The sculpture and bas-relief carvings that decorate the gallery walls of much of Angkor Thum appear to have once been painted and gilded. Although extensive, they are generally considered to be of inferior quality to those of Angkor Wat. The interior walls of the temple buildings themselves are devoid of ornament, although it is thought that they were once covered with murals. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.  

 

Corridor
   Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom



 Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.

 

Baphuon Temple
    Angkor Thom



 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Phimeanakas
    Angkor Thom



 Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Terrace of the Elephants
    Angkor Thom



 The 350m-long Terrace of Elephants was used as a giant reviewing stand for public ceremonies and served as a base for the king's grand audience hall. The terrace was used by Angkor's king Jayavarman VII as a platform from which to view his victorious returning army. Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Leper King Terrace/Terrace of the Leper King
    Angkor Thom



 Terrace was built just north of the Elephants Terrace. Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Prasat Suor Prat
    Angkor Thom



 Built at the end of the 12th Century by King Jayavarman II (reigned 1181-1220). Set of twelve towers located in front of the Terrace of the Elephants, It's means 'Towers of the Rope Dancers'. Photo by Byunguh Yu on 13 January 2009.

 

Phnom Bakheng
    Siem Reap



 Hindu temple to dedicated to Shiva, built at the end of the 9th century, during the reign of King Yasovarman (889-910 AD). Located atop a hill. Photo by Changyong Shin on 2004.